4 : The Use of Real-Time HIL Simulators to Meet the Challenges of Design and Testing of Control and
Protection of Smart Transmission and Distribution Power Grids
Mr. Jean Belanger,
President, Opal-RT Technologies Inc., Montreal, Canada.
Prof. Krithi Ramamritham has spent almost equal lengths of time at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and at IIT Bombay as a Chair Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering. His current research involves applying computational approaches to energy management, based on the SMART principle: Sense Meaningfully, Analyze, and Respond Timely. This work exploits and extends the state of the art in database systems, real-time computing, sensor networks, embedded systems, mobile computing and smart grids. He is a Fellow of the IEEE, ACM, Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India, and the Indian National Academy of Engineering. He was honored with a Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by the University of Sydney. He is also a recipient of the Distinguished Alumnus Award from IIT Madras. Twice he received the IBM Faculty Award. He received the 2016 Outstanding Technical Contributions and Leadership Award from the IEEE Technical Committee for Real-Time Systems and the Outstanding Service Award from IEEE's CEDA.
We present a computational perspective to smart energy management, with an emphasis on smart buildings and smart electric grids. Besides computational thinking, we advocate use of data driven approaches, and techniques such as inferencing and learning, focusing specifically on improving energy efficiency. A recurring theme in our work is the exploitation of requirements/measurement/monitoring data to drive actuation/control, optimization, and resource management.
1 : A Grid as Smart as the Internet
Prof. Felix Wu,
University of California, Berkeley and The University of Hong Kong.
As CEO and co-founder of Opal-RT Technologies Inc., Mr. Bélanger defines the vision and
corporate direction of the company and steers its efforts in research and development. OPAL-RT
has now more than 200 customers and 200 employees located around the world.
Prior to co-founding Opal-RT in 1997, he worked at Hydro Quebec for 25 years, where he was one of the main design engineers of the 765-kV James Bay transmission system and the real- time simulator used to design this very large transmission system. In 1978, he led the commercialization of Hydro-Quebec's simulation services around the world, designing and promoting Hydro-Quebec's electric network simulators.
From 1993 to 1996, he designed and delivered several large-scale simulators to a number of leading companies worldwide, including Mitsubishi, Hitachi, Toshiba and EPRI (China). Subsequently, he co-founded TEQSIM, the Hydro-Quebec subsidiary dedicated to the commercialization of real-time simulation technologies.
Over the course of his distinguished career, Mr. Bélanger has actively participated in, and served at numerous committees of ACE (Association Canadienne de l'Électricité), CIGRE (Conférence Internationale des Grands Réseaux Électriques) and IEEE. Mr. Bélanger is an electrical engineer (Laval University, Quebec) with a Masters degree in Power Systems from Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal and a member of the Canadian Academy of Engineering. _
The integration of several power electronic AC/DC converters and FACTS on transmission systems as well as the introduction of distributed generation, energy storage and inverter-based loads on distribution systems pose new challenges. Distribution systems cannot be considered any more as passive sub-systems without impact on the global steady-state and transient stability performance of the global interconnected transmission and distribution systems. Furthermore, the addition of HVDC transmission systems in countries like India, China, Brazil and Québec leads to large number of HVDC inverters connected close together to feed large city loads. These multi-infeed HVDC system can lead to cascaded commutation failures, which can jeopardize the total system security.
This presentation will describe how some large utilities and R&D centers uses digital real-time simulators and control system replica to deal with the challenges of designing and testing such complex transmission, distribution and micro-grid systems.
Sukumar Brahma received his Bachelor of Engineering from Gujarat University in 1989, Master
of Technology from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay in 1997, and PhD in from Clemson
University, Clemson, USA in 2003; all in Electrical Engineering. He is presently William Kersting
Endowed Chair Associate Professor and Associate Director of the Electric Utility Management
Program (EUMP) at New Mexico State University, USA. Dr. Brahma is the past Chair of IEEE
Power and Energy Society's Life Long Learning Subcommittee, past Chair of Distribution System
Analysis Subcommittee, current Chair of Power and Energy Education Committee, and member
of the Power System Relaying Committee (PSRC). He is an editor for IEEE Transactions on Power
Delivery, and served as Guest Editor-in- Chief for the Special Issue on Frontiers of Power System
Protection for the journal. His research, widely published and funded by the National Science
Foundation, US department of energy, utilities and other government agencies, has focused on
different aspects of Power System Protection.
Advances in sensing, communication and computing have potential to refine, or even redefine
the conception and implementation of Power System Protection. At the same time, penetration
of widespread current-limited renewable resources has disrupted some fundamental
assumptions on which protection has been designed over the years. Increased computing
power at low cost has provided opportunities to implement more computation-intensive
methods/algorithms in real time. Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) providing faster and
diverse synchronized measurements over a wide area, with new communication options are
part of the emerging technology. These advances can be the potential enablers of new
paradigms in Protection. This plenary address will provide an overview of the state of the art
and review challenges, promises, and pitfalls of the changing protection paradigm in smart grid.
Felix Wu is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) and the University of Hong
Kong (HKU). He joined the faculty in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at
UCB in 1974, where he was promoted to Full Professor in 1982, and served at HKU as Pro Vice
Chancellor (Vice President, 1997-2000), Philip Wong Wilson Wong Professor of Electrical Engineering
(2001-11) and Distinguished Visiting Professor in Clean Energy and Environment (2011-14). He is a
Fellow of IEEE for “contributions to the development of theory and computation methods for power
system planning and operation”.
He was the TEPCO Chair of “Frontier Technology for the Future Electric Energy System” in 1991 and held visiting professorship at Swiss Institute of Technology (ETH-Zurich), University of Tokyo, University of Cassino (Italy), Tsinghua University and many other universities. He served as a consultant to a number of industry and government agencies including Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Electric Power Research Institute (USA), Chinese Electric Power Research Institute, ABB-Systems Control, Starcraft Norway, Iberdrola Spain, Executive Council of Abu Dhabi, Asian Development Bank, etc. He chaired the International Advisory Committee for the Strategic Development of Smart Grids Program of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan in 2011 and served on the Smart Grid Advisory Panel of CLP Power (2011- 14). He is currently a member of Committee of Experts, China Southern Grid.
Professor Wu is an Advisor to the President of Tianjin University and served as a Board Member of Shantou University (2000-03), and a Trustee of Croucher Foundation (2003-10).
Professor Wu received his BS degree from National Taiwan University, MSc degree from University of Pittsburgh and PhD degree from University of California, Berkeley.
* Why would we like the electric grid to be as smart as the Internet?
* What makes the Internet smart?
* Why previous attempts to make electric grids Internet-like unsuccessful?
* How to make the grid as smart as the Internet?
3 : Managing Energy, Computationally
Prof. Krithi Ramamritham,
Professor, Department of Computer Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
2 : Power System Protection in the Era of Smart Grid
Prof. Sukumar Brahma,
William Kersting Endowed Chair Associate Professor, New Mexico State University, USA.
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